In the first three installments of this post (see ‘related articles’ below) we documented BBC News website coverage of the first thirty days of Operation Protective Edge. Part four relates to the next ten days: August 7th to August 16th 2014 inclusive.
Content on the website included written news reports and written ‘Features and Analysis’ articles as well as filmed items presented as stand-alone reports and additionally often embedded into the written articles. Those filmed items also appeared on BBC television news programmes and hence give us an idea of what worldwide audiences were being shown and to what extent the BBC lived up to its claims of “equal coverage” of the two sides to the conflict.
A small amount of content which appeared on the BBC News website at the time has since become unavailable, but below are the vast majority of the reports offered to the website’s visitors. We are not including here the many reports concerning demonstrations relating to the conflict in Europe and elsewhere which appeared on the Middle East page: that topic will be covered separately. Also not included in this chapter are three separate filmed reports about NHS activities (delegations to the region, donations of equipment) which appeared on the BBC News website’s Middle East page on August 9th, 11th and 12th.
Israel offers Gaza truce extension but Hamas has yet to agree
DEC launches Gaza emergency appeal
Israel Gaza: Mediators seek to extend truce in Cairo
Israelis along the Gaza Border keep calm and carry on Lyse Doucet (discussed here)
Israeli army say main objective in Gaza achieved ‘completely’ Lyse Doucet in Israel (discussed here)
Israel’s military strategy in Gaza under scrutiny Paul Adams (discussed here)
Gaza awaits Israeli-Hamas truce talks verdict Orla Guerin in Gaza
Written: (discussed here)
Gaza ceasefire ends as Israel reports rocket fire
Israel air strikes resume in Gaza amid rockets
Graphic content: How media differ on use of Gaza images BBC Monitoring
After the Gaza ceasefire: Hyper-tense and under fire Wyre Davies (discussed here)
Caution needed with Gaza casualty figures (discussed here, later amended, date changed – discussed here)
Gaza conflict: The hundreds who lost their lives (discussed here)
Air strikes and rocket attacks after Gaza ceasefire ends Orla Guerin in Gaza
BBC reports from blockaded Israel-Gaza border crossing Wyre Davies at Kerem Shalom (discussed here)
‘We’ve seen and heard a number of explosions here in Gaza’ James Reynolds in Gaza (discussed here)
Gaza conflict: US and UN condemn new Gaza violence
Gaza air strikes ‘kill five’ as rockets hit Israel
Strikes resume in Gaza as ceasefire ends Kevin Connolly in Gaza (discussed here)
Violence resumes is Gaza as truce comes to an end James Reynolds in Gaza (discussed here)
Israel ‘very restrained’ with its offensive in Gaza Danny Ayalon
Gaza conflict: Egypt seeks new Israel-Hamas ceasefire
Gaza conflict: New three-day ceasefire begins
New truce agreed in Gaza conflict Orla Guerin in Gaza
Gaza conflict: Israel refuses to negotiate while ‘under fire’ Kevin Connolly in Gaza
Gaza crisis: Fears that talks in Cairo could collapse Lyse Doucet
Gaza conflict: New three-day ceasefire holds
Gaza conflict: Fresh talks begin in Egypt
Gaza conflict: Families return home as Gaza ceasefire holds Yolande Knell in Gaza (discussed here)
Mid-East crisis: Gazans hope for ‘open seas and borders’ Orla Guerin in Gaza (discussed here)
Israel export licences warning from UK
Six dead as Gaza disposal team tackles Israeli missile
Rocket fired from Gaza hits Israel
Former Israeli President Shimon Peres ‘seeks peace’ over Gaza Wyre Davies interview with Shimon Peres
Gaza conflict: Allegations of war crimes Orla Guerin in Gaza (discussed here)
Mid-East crisis: The blockade of Gaza – in 60 seconds Michael Hirst (discussed here)
Israel, Palestinians ‘extend Gaza truce by five days’ Yolande Knell
Israel and Palestinians begin tense five-day Gaza truce (discussed here)
Gaza conflict: Ceasefire extended by five days Yolande Knell in Gaza
Jewish Chronicle apologises after running Gaza appeal advert later amended and date changed (discussed here)
Yolande Knell meets Gazans working to restore utilities Yolande Knell in Gaza (discussed here)
Dutchman returns Holocaust medal after family deaths in Gaza (discussed here and here)
Clearly the most striking aspect of this period of coverage of the conflict is the sudden decline in the number of reports produced by the BBC in comparison with the previous thirty days. Two factors contributed to that drop: like much of the foreign media the BBC apparently assumed that the August 5th ceasefire was going to hold and began moving journalists who do not normally cover the region, but had been ‘parachuted in’ to provide back up to its Jerusalem Bureau team, out of the area. Concurrently, the ISIS story in Iraq and Syria began to gather pace and resources were diverted to covering that issue.
The most obvious effect of those changes is that after the withdrawal of Israeli ground troops from the Gaza Strip on August 5th and despite the breakdown of the ceasefire of that date and the continuation of missile fire into Israel, BBC audiences saw only one filmed report depicting the situation as far as civilians in Israel were concerned between August 7th and August 16th. They did, however, see twelve filmed reports from the Gaza Strip during that period.
By August 16th visitors to the BBC News website (and television audiences) had seen almost three times as much filmed coverage from the Gaza Strip as they had from Israel (37.5 reports compared to 100.5) since the beginning of the conflict.
The major theme dominating BBC reporting during the period from August 7th to August 16th remained the vigorous amplification of Hamas’ demands concerning the lifting of border restrictions and the construction of a seaport. Missile attacks on Israel were severely under-reported or ignored and ceasefire violations by terrorist groups downplayed or distorted. The amplification of the agendas of NGOs engaged in political warfare against Israel continued, as did the promotion of claims of ‘war crimes’.
A particularly notable event during this period was the appearance of the article by the BBC News Head of Statistics on the issue of Gaza casualty figures after an entire month of context-free BBC citation of Hamas-supplied data. The fact that the article soon underwent changes which diluted its original message as a result of the application of outside political pressure is highly significant and of course reflects very badly on the BBC’s supposed commitment to accuracy and impartiality.
BBC News website coverage of Operation Protective Edge: part one
BBC News website coverage of Operation Protective Edge: part two
BBC News website coverage of Operation Protective Edge: part three
BBC WS ‘Newshour’: a test case for BBC claims of ‘equal coverage’
The BBC’s pictorial portrayal of conflict in Israel and the Gaza Strip
‘From Our Own Correspondent’: a test case for BBC claims of ‘equal coverage’